The first grading period ended in my school this week so there was lots of talk in my department about how time-consuming it is to grade IPA’s. While I am enough of a teacher nerd to actual enjoy creating IPA’s, I cannot say the same for grading them! Here are a few suggestions that have helped me streamline the process and cut down the time I spend on this task.
- Assign a rough draft for the Presentational Writing. I often incorporate a series of learning stations before an IPA and one of these stations consists of writing a rough draft for the IPA. Since I have only 8 students at each station per day, the process of providing feedback is less overwhelming. The students benefit from this feedback on this formative assessment and usually do much better on the IPA as a result.
- Use rubrics. I began using the Ohio Department of Education rubrics this year and I really like them. Since Ohio has not yet created an Interpretive Rubric, I use the ACTFL rubric, which I’ve modified to meet my needs. (See this post for a detailed explanation.) When grading the reading and writing sections of an IPA, I lay a rubric next to the student’s paper and check the corresponding box, making very few marks on the student’s paper. Since I will go over the interpretive sections with the class, I don’t find it necessary to mark each response on each student’s paper. Likewise, having given specific feedback on the rough drafts, there is no need to do so on this final copy, which I will keep in my files after returning temporarily for feedback purposes.
- Avoid math. After I have checked the appropriate box in each section of the rubric, I determine a score for that section of the IPA. (My gradebook is divided according to language skills—reading, writing, listening, and speaking, so each IPA task gets its own score.) I use a holistic system, rather than mathematical calculations to determine an overall score for each task. If all of the checks are in the “Good” column, the student earns a 9/10. If there are a few checks in the “Strong” column (and the rest are Good), the student earns a 10/10. If the checks are distributed between the Good and the Developing column, the student earns an 8. If the checks are all in the Developing column, the student earns a 7. If there are several checks in the Emerging column, the student earns a 6. If a student were unable to meet the criteria for Emerging, I would assign a score of 5/10, the lowest score I record.
- Grade the Interpersonal Speaking “live.” I know that many teachers have their students record their conversations and then listen to them later. If this works for you, you have my admiration. I know myself far too well—I would procrastinate forever if I had 30 conversations to listen to when I got home at night! It works much better for me to call up two randomly-chosen students to my desk while the rest of the class is working on the presentational writing. I can usually get most of the class done in one period, in part because I also place a time limit on their conversation— usually about 3 minutes for my novice students and 4-5 for my intermediates. I find that I can adequately assess their performance in that amount of time, and the students are relieved to know that there is a finite period of time during which they will be expected to speak. I mark the rubric as they’re speaking, provide a few examples, and then write a score as they next pair is on their way to my desk.
- Use technology for lnterpretive Listening. Each of my IPA’s includes both an Interpretive Reading and an Interpretive Listening. Because I haven’t found the ACTFL Interpretive Template to work well with listening assessments (see this post), I am currently using basic comprehension, guessing meaning from context, and sometimes main idea and inference questions to assess listening. Although I’ve used a short answer format for these items in the past, I am starting to experiment with creating multiple choice “quizzes” on Canvas (our learning management system). I know that other teachers have had success creating assessment items using Zaption and other programs. I’m still reflecting on the use of objective questions to assess listening, but these programs do offer a way for teachers to provide more timely feedback and for students to benefit from additional context to guide their listening.
If you have any tips for grading IPA’s, please share!
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